The Diolkos Petition

It’s not hard to construct narratives of decline for the paved trans-Isthmus diolkos road.  One only has to compare the monument unearthed by N. Verdelis 50 years ago with modern photos of a road sliding into the canal.  Indeed, Sophia Loverdou has used the tools of social media to launch a “Save the Diolkos” campaign.  She has documented the deterioration of the road by posting dozens of “before” and “after” images of the road since its excavation (see this Facebook page), and marked the ongoing consequences of continuous canal traffic through this Youtube channel

The differences in the before and after photos really are impressive. The following images come from the Facebook page.  The platform at Sector A, for example, has deteriorated significantly even in the last twenty years. 

Platform (sector A)

About a third of the road excavated (Sectors B-E) on the Peloponnesian side of the canal has slipped into the canal.  I imagine, however, that Sector B is preserved under the sand in the image on the right.

Another glimpse of the part of the road (Sectors C-D) that has fared the worst:

sectors C-D to E

And even the part of the road frequently visited by tourists (Sector G) has largely slipped into the canal. 

sector G

As a scholar of Late Antiquity, I’m naturally wary of straightforward narratives of decline.  Indeed, I was struck by Ferrell Jenkins’ post on the diolkos in early July, which includes his scanned slides from the early 1970s that show the upkeep of the road then was actually a bit worse than it is today (even if its overall preservation was better).  The road is covered not only in vegetation (fairly normal of most Greek sites in late spring / early summer) but also in earth.  There has also been some effort in recent years to keep things from getting worse.  The following images capture some basic techniques (mortar and cement) to prevent the soil under Sector G from eroding further into the canal.

IMG_2545

IMG_2585

IMG_2666 

These efforts have been partial, however, and are not likely to match the rate of deterioration.  Indeed, it’s the deterioration of the road, caused by episodes of dredging and constant ship traffic, that is the striking and dramatic story here.  While Greece’s crisis of economy may make a fix unlikely anytime soon there’s still good reason to join the campaign to save the road.  This petition letter, which is addressed to the prime minister of Greece, simply runs:

“We declare ourselves against the mentalities and practices that lead to the destruction of the world’s heritage and we ask the Greek Prime Minister to exercise his authority so that, without any further delays and hypocrisy, the Diolkos is finally saved and restored.”

Nearly 7,800 people have signed it so far.  Join the cause by signing here.  I’ve created a permanent place for the petition and these links here.

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4 Responses to The Diolkos Petition

  1. Pingback: News, Notes and the Song of the Week | Mediterranean Palimpsest

  2. David Panidis says:

    Incredible.
    Thank you very much for the images and info. Personally, I am saddened to suspect that insufficient funding prevented rigorous preservation after its initial excavation. Furthermore, I think the deterioration of the Diolkos makes for a testimony against Greece’s preparedness for the return of the Elgin marbles; how can the Greek archaeological community demand these when their own monuments drown in soil and dissolve in the sea?

  3. dpettegrew says:

    Thanks for your comment, David. I think it’s a case of selective investment. The new Acropolis museum, which just begs for the return of the Elgin marbles, is absolutely spectacular! But there’s an entire landscape of excavated and neglected monuments across Greece. One can only do so much with limited resources, of course, but the diolkos is a most unique monument. There is also an obvious source of funds for preserving the road: the duties on movement of ships through the canal. A 10% hike on those duties would provide (from the 10,000 ships / year) a sizable fund for a program of protection.

  4. Pingback: Preserving the Ancient Diolkos | Corinthian Matters

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